Californians enrolled in self-funded insurance plans are not covered under the state's consumer-friendly laws related to healthcare. The pain is further increased if you disagree with the coverage. You will be compelled to endure a different appeal process compared to other state residents having private insurance. Seeking assistance from federal regulators may not bring forth the desired result.
All consumers are not equal
According to Tam Ma of Health Access California, consumer protections are unequal for large chunks of the California population. To prove his point, he cited the example of two regulators of health insurance functioning in the state receiving about 1,000 help requests. He pointed out that these departments hold no authority over these plans. The departments thus refer them to the US Department of Labor. The latter regulates these entities. It is calculated that approximately 5.7 million Californians are enrolled in such plans.
Businesses opting for the self-funded plans, also known as self-insured plans, usually put the medical bills of employees directly. Conversely, if an employer follows the fully-insured plan, the individual, family or company, purchases coverage from an insurance company regulated by the state. The financial risk is carried by the latter. The fully insured plans in the California state are administered by the state-led Department of Insurance or the Department of Managed Health Care.
Finding out the insurance
Bigger companies have a greater chance to self-insure. It is seen that business concerns with 5,000 and more workers put in self-funded plans. About 94 percent of the employees take them. An increasing number of businesses, even smaller ones, are adopting the same path as money gets saved by the process. One method of saving money is to avoid compliance costs that come with the state-dictated benefits. According to Dean M. Hoffman, a consultant specializing in employee benefits, for a dollar which gets spent on the fully insured plans, almost 11 cents are passed on towards the state-mandated requirements. Adding a benefit means adding more costs.
For the consumer, it will not be obvious at first glance which plan covers the person. A majority of the businesses contract with the health insurance companies. The latter administers and pays off claims. Access is offered to the provider networks. It means that the insurance card owned by the consumer will in most probability have a Blue Shield or Cigna logo. It is hard to know whether the plan is a self-funded one or not.