A stalemate is set to occur after the Senate threw out the bipartisan immigration plan and also the President Donald Trump-promoted proposal which was much more restrictive in nature. The former would have assisted approximately 1.8 million young immigrants to achieve citizenship. If passed, it would also have given Trump $25 billion to construct the president's dream project: a wall between the United States and Mexico. The proposal did not succeed as Trump wanted to restrict legal immigration as well.
Dreamers are those immigrants who came to the United States by illegal means when they were children with their parents. They are at risk of deportation as they do not have the permanent authorization to remain in the country.
The legislation was shot down 54 against 45; a substantial six votes were needed to pass it. This canceled what seemed to be the most probable chance for the all-around immigration legislation to be passed by Senate in 2018. Republicans Bill Cassidy and John Kennedy, both Senators voted against this proposal. Trump's proposals failed spectacularly with only 39 voters for it and 60 Senators against it. The proposal lost by a massive 21 margin. This outcome was symptomatic for the elected Republicans feeling the heat concerning election damage in the swing states. These states have considerable Hispanic voters.
Bipartisanship and DACA
Democrats had earlier thought that the bipartisan package will be passed. However, it was not to be. The president wanted a tougher bill, mirroring the hawkish immigration stance which was the characteristic of his presidential run in 2016. The White House had earlier described this bipartisan proposal as a kind of dangerous policy which would lead to an increased vulnerability to the United States. To justify its stance, the Trump administration pointed out the provision which directed the US Government to act with more vigor against the illegal immigrants starting in July. The president and many Republican leaders have said that they had already exhibited flexibility by providing a 10-year to a 12-year path towards citizenship for many Dreamers. This was an important demand by the Democrats and also by a few Republicans.
Trump had earlier annulled the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals or DACA program. The DACA was created by former President Barack Obama to protect the Dreamers. Trump has provided Congress time until March 5 within which the program must be restored. The federal courts have temporarily stopped the White House from dismantling this legislation.